Creating and modifying text frames
In most cases, text is placed inside a frame. (You can also use the Type On A Path tool  to flow text along a path.) The size and location of a text frame determine where the text appears on a page. Text frames can be created with the Type tool and can be modified using a variety of tools—as you’ll do in this part of the lesson.
Creating and resizing text frames
Now you’ll create your own text frame, adjust its size, and then resize another frame.
In the Pages panel, double-click the icon for page 4 to center it in the document window.
In the Layers panel, click the Text layer to select it. Any content created when the Text layer is selected will be placed on that layer.
Select the Type tool () in the Tools panel. Position the pointer where the left edge of the first column meets the horizontal guide at 22p0 on the vertical ruler. Drag to create a frame that snaps to the right edge of the second column and has a height of about 8p.
Use the Zoom tool () to magnify the text frame, and then select the Type tool.
In the new text frame, type Customer, press Shift+Enter (Windows) or Shift+Return (Mac OS) to create a forced line break (without creating a new paragraph), and then type Testimonials. Click anywhere within the text to select the paragraph.
Now you’ll apply a paragraph style to the text.
Click the Paragraph Styles panel icon or choose Type > Paragraph Styles to open the panel. Click the style named Testimonials to apply it to the selected paragraph.
Read more about paragraph styles in Lesson 9, “Working with Styles.”
Using the Selection tool (), double-click the center-bottom handle of the selected text frame to fit the frame to the text vertically.
Choose View > Fit Spread In Window, and then press Z to temporarily access the Zoom tool and magnify the rightmost column on the front page (page 1). Use the Selection tool () to select the text frame below “the BUZZ.” The frame contains the text “NEW Day & Evening Classes.”
The red plus sign (+) at the lower-right corner of the text frame indicates that the frame contains overset text. Overset text is not visible because the frame is too small to display it. You’ll fix this by changing the size and shape of the text frame.
Drag the center-bottom handle of the selected text frame downward to resize the height of the frame until the bottom edge snaps to the ruler guide at 48p0 on the vertical ruler. When the pointer approaches the ruler guide, the arrows change in appearance from black to white, indicating that the frame edge is about to snap to the guide. The text remains overset. You’ll fix that later in this lesson.
Choose Edit > Deselect All, and then choose File > Save.
Reshaping a text frame
So far, you’ve resized a text frame with the Selection tool by dragging a handle. Now you’ll reshape the frame using the Direct Selection tool to move one of the frame’s anchor points.
In the Tools panel, select the Direct Selection tool (), and then click within the text frame you just resized. Four very small anchor points now appear at the corners of the selected text frame. The anchor points are all hollow, indicating that none of them is selected.
Select the anchor point at the lower-left corner of the text frame, and pause for a moment until the arrow pointer turns black. Drag straight down until the point touches the margin guide at the bottom of the page and release the mouse button. As you drag, the text reflows simultaneously to give you a real-time view. After you release the mouse button, notice that the overset text indicator (the red plus sign) is no longer displayed, and all of the story’s text is now visible.
Be sure to drag only the anchor point—if you drag just above or to the right of the anchor point, you’ll move other corners of the text frame, too. If you accidentally move the frame, choose Edit > Undo Move and try again.
Press the V key to switch to the Selection tool.
Unselected anchor point.
Selected anchor point.
Deselect all objects, and then choose File > Save.
Creating multi-column text frames
Now you’ll take an existing text frame and convert it to a multiple-column text frame.
Choose View > Fit Spread In Window, and then use the Zoom tool () to display the lower-right portion of the back page (page 4). Use the Selection tool () to select the text frame that begins with “Shauneen H.”
Choose Object > Text Frame Options. In the Text Frame Options dialog box, type 3 in the Number box and p11 (11 points) in the Gutter box if necessary. The gutter controls the distance between the columns. Click OK.
Choose Type > Show Hidden Characters to see the break characters. (If Hide Hidden Characters is displayed—rather than Show Hidden Characters—at the bottom of the Type menu, hidden characters are already showing.)
To begin each column with a heading, select the Type tool (), highlight the paragraph return at the end of the line before “Sylvia B.,” and then choose Type > Insert Break Character > Column Break. This forces “Sylvia B.” to the top of the second column. Insert a column break before the name “Jeff G.”
The small blue triangles within the red circles above are the Column Break characters.
Choose Type > Hide Hidden Characters.
Adjusting text inset and vertical alignment
You’ll now finish the red title bar on the cover by fitting the text nicely into the frame. By adjusting the space between the edge of the frame and the text, you make the text easier to read.
Choose View > Fit Spread In Window, and then use the Zoom tool () to magnify the red text frame near the top of the front page (page 1) with the text “arrive smart. leave smarter.” Using the Selection tool (), select the text frame with a red fill and white text at the top of the page.
Choose Object > Text Frame Options. If necessary, drag the Text Frame Options dialog box aside so that you can still see the selected text frame as you set options.
In the Text Frame Options dialog box, make sure that the Preview option in the lower-left corner of the Text Frame Options dialog box is selected. Then, in the Inset Spacing section, click the Make All Settings The Same icon () to disable it so that you can change the Left setting independently. Change the Left value to 3p to move the left margin of the text frame 3 picas to the right and away from the left edge of the frame, and then change the Right value to 3p9.
In the Vertical Justification section of the Text Frame Options dialog box, choose Center from the Align menu. Click OK.
Select the Type tool (), and then click to the left of “www.evolveseattle.com” to establish an insertion point. To move the URL text so that it aligns with the right inset you specified earlier, choose Type > Insert Special Character > Other > Right Indent Tab.
Choose Edit > Deselect All, and then choose File > Save.