## Chapter Project

### Project 4-1

Draw a front, a top, and a right-side orthographic view of each of the objects in Figures P4-1 through P4-24. Make all objects from mild steel.

**FIGURE P4-1** MILLIMETERS

**FIGURE P4-2** MILLIMETERS

**FIGURE P4-3** MILLIMETERS

**FIGURE P4-4** MILLIMETERS

**FIGURE P4-5** INCHES

**FIGURE P4-6** INCHES

**FIGURE P4-7** MILLIMETERS

**FIGURE P4-8** MILLIMETERS

**FIGURE P4-9** MILLIMETERS

**FIGURE P4-10** MILLIMETERS

**FIGURE P4-11** MILLIMETERS

**FIGURE P4-12** MILLIMETERS

**FIGURE P4-13** MILLIMETERS

**FIGURE P4-14** MILLIMETERS

**FIGURE P4-15** MILLIMETERS

**FIGURE P4-16** INCHES

**FIGURE P4-17** MILLIMETERS

**FIGURE P4-18** MILLIMETERS

**FIGURE P4-19** MILLIMETERS

**FIGURE P4-20** MILLIMETERS

**FIGURE P4-21** MILLIMETERS

**FIGURE P4-22** MILLIMETERS

**FIGURE P4-23** MILLIMETERS

**FIGURE P4-24** MILLIMETERS

### Project 4-2

Draw at least two orthographic views and one auxiliary view of each of the objects shown in Figures P4-25 through P4-36.

**FIGURE P4-25** MILLIMETERS

**FIGURE P4-26** MILLIMETERS

**FIGURE P4-27** INCHES

**FIGURE P4-28** MILLIMETERS

**FIGURE P4-29** MILLIMETERS

**FIGURE P4-30** MILLIMETERS

**FIGURE P4-31** MILLIMETERS

**FIGURE P4-32** MILLIMETERS

**FIGURE P4-33** MILLIMETERS

**FIGURE P4-34** MILLIMETERS

**FIGURE P4-35** INCHES

**FIGURE P4-36** MILLIMETERS

### Project 4-3

Define the true shape of the oblique surfaces in each of the objects shown in Figures P4-37 through P4-40.

**FIGURE P4-37** INCHES

**FIGURE P4-38** MILLIMETERS

**FIGURE P4-39** INCHES

**FIGURE P4-40** MILLIMETERS

### Project 4-4

Draw each of the objects shown in Figures P4-41 through P4-44 as a model, then draw a front view and an appropriate section view of each.

**FIGURE P4-41** MILLIMETERS

**FIGURE P4-42** MILLIMETERS

**FIGURE P4-43** MILLIMETERS

**FIGURE P4-44** INCHES

### Project 4-5

Draw at least one orthographic view and the indicated section view for each object shown in Figures P4-45 through P4-50.

**FIGURE P4-45** MILLIMETERS

**FIGURE P4-46** MILLIMETERS

**FIGURE P4-47** INCHES

**FIGURE P4-48** INCHES

**FIGURE P4-49** MILLIMETERS

**FIGURE P4-50** MILLIMETERS

### Project 4-6

Given the orthographic views in Figures P4-51 and P4-52, draw a model of each, then draw the given orthographic views and the appropriate section views.

**FIGURE P4-51** INCHES

**FIGURE P4-52** MILLIMETERS

### Project 4-7

Draw a 3D model and a set of multiviews for each object shown in Figures P4-53 through P4-60.

**FIGURE P4-53** INCHES

**FIGURE P4-54** MILLIMETERS

**FIGURE P4-55** MILLIMETERS

**FIGURE P4-56** MILLIMETERS

**FIGURE P4-57** MILLIMETERS

**FIGURE P4-58** MILLIMETERS

**FIGURE P4-59** MILLIMETERS

**FIGURE P4-60** INCHES

### Project 4-8

Figures P4-61 through P4-66 are orthographic views. Draw 3D models from the given views. The hole pattern defined in Figure P4-61 also applies to Figure P4-62.

**FIGURE P4-61** MILLIMETERS

**FIGURE P4-62** MILLIMETERS

**FIGURE P4-63** INCHES

**FIGURE P4-64** INCHES

**FIGURE P4-65** MILLIMETERS

**FIGURE P4-66** INCHES

### Project 4-9

Figures P4-67 through P4-71 are presented using first-angle projection and ISO conventions.

Create a solid model from the given orthographic views.

Draw front, top, and right-side orthographic views of the objects using third-angle projection and ANSI conventions.

**FIGURE P4-67** MILLIMETERS

**FIGURE P4-68** MILLIMETERS

**FIGURE P4-69** MILLIMETERS

**FIGURE P4-70** MILLIMETERS

**FIGURE P4-71** MILLIMETERS